Trail of two forests hike Washington lava forest tunnel Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument Washington Gifford Pinchot National Forest

Trail of Two Forests offers a window into two time periods of forestation shaped by nearby Mount Saint Helens. The current forest is obvious – moss, fern, trees, and fighting shrubs that have regrown over lava that covered this land approximately 2,000 years ago. The second forest is ghosts of trees that once stood here. As slow-moving molten lava cooled, it surrounded trees and began to harden. Because of the extreme heat, the trees burned to the ground, leaving hollow trunk-shaped holes in the now firm lava. You can observe both forest on this 1/4-mile loop, which includes an optional crawl through a narrow fifty foot lava tube. It’s a trip!

Trail of Two Forests in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument Washington
Moss covered lava along the boardwalk

Set out on the nature trail, which provides illustrated panels to explain how this forest was transformed. This woodland stood at the end of a slowing flow of molten lava, a rare form of eruption for volcanoes in the Cascade Mountains. (Mount Saint Helens explosive eruption in 1980 is a good example of how volcanoes in this range typically erupt.) A short distance up the boardwalk, make a right to follow the loop in a counterclockwise direction. You will pass several lava-made molds of trees that no longer stand, as well as greenery that is reclaiming the less than hospitable terrain. The level boardwalk is wheel-chair friendly, excluding the voluntary subterranean excursion at the end of the loop.

Trail of Two Forests in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument Washington
A hole where lava flowed around an old tree


To get your lava tube on, climb down the short ladder into a dark hole at the beginning of the tunnel. A flashlight is handy, but not required as you inch your way through the L-shaped shaft formed by two fallen trees. While crawling on your hands and knees, you will notice that the tunnel walls are covered with ribs and cracks matching the bark of the trees that once filled this space. Luckily for your head, much of the ceiling has been glazed by the wood fire that burned in the tube. Thirty feet in, you will make a turn to the left and see the light. A ladder at the end of the crawl will bring you back up to the boardwalk. Don’t be surprised if children rename this the Trail of Too Much Fun.

Trail of Two Forests in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument Washington
The crawl

To spend more time underground, check out the nearby Ape Cave Lava Tube. Trail of Two Forests is an interesting short hike in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument in Gifford Pinchot National Forest. A Northwest Forest Pass is required to park at the trailhead. You may self-register for the $5 day pass at the trailhead. An annual America the Beautiful national parks pass can also be used in lieu of the regional national forest pass. Dogs are allowed on leash. There are picnic tables and bathrooms at the start of the trail.

To get to the trailhead: From Interstate 5, 140 miles south of Seattle and 25 miles north of Portland, take exit 21 on to Route 503 East toward Cougar. After 35 miles, turn left on Forest Service Road 83 and drive two miles north to Forest Service Road 8303. Turn left again and drive 0.2 miles to the trailhead parking area on the left, before the Ape Cave parking area.

Trailhead address: National Forest Road 8303, Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Cougar, WA 98616
Trailhead coordinates: 46.099126, -122.212565 (46° 05′ 56.85″N 122° 12′ 45.23″W)

Use the map below to view the trail and get directions:

View Mount Saint Helens in a larger map
Photos

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These photos were taken in September of 2011. Click to enlarge.
Nearby Trails
Ape Cave Lava TubeApe Cave in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument
This adventurous underground hike travels through one of the longest lava tubes in the world.
June Lake TrailJune Lake in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument
This 2.6-mile hike visits a small lake and a waterfall on the southern slopes of Mount Saint Helens.
Lava Canyon TrailLava Canyon Trail in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument
This 1.25-mile loop explores a colorful canyon re-carved by the 1980 eruption of Mount Saint Helens.
Multnomah FallsMultnomah Falls in the Columbia River Gorge
This 0.4 to 13.6-mile hike visits Oregon’s tallest (and probably most visited) waterfall, offering something to hikers of all abilities.
Wahclella FallsWahclella Falls in the Columbia River Gorge
This 2-mile visits a sublime waterfall in Oregon’s Columbia River Gorge.
Washington HikingMore trails in Washington
Explore other hikes in the Evergreen State, including Mount Rainier National Park.
Camping
Mount Saint Helens CampgroundCamping around Mount Saint Helens
Beaver Bay Campground and Paradise Creek Campground are two of the places to camp a convenient distance from this trail.

One Comment on Trail of Two Forests in Mount Saint Helens National Volcanic Monument

  1. […] MUST check out Trail of Two Forests which is just before Ape Caves.  Here’s a great website that has lots of pictures.  If you’re not claustrophobic, you MUST climb through the little […]

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